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CAREHeat: DeteCtion and threAts of maRinE Heat waves project.
Santoleri R., Landolfi A., Organelli E., Bellacicco M., Barros L., Cunha R., De Toma V., di Sarra A., Garcia T., Greiner E., Iacono R., Lefevre F., Marullo S., Napolitano E., Oliveira A., Pisano A., Senina I., Serva F., Verbrugge N., Yang C., Rio M.H.
Marine Heat Waves (MHWs), persistent and anomalously sea water temperature warm events, are known to have significant impacts on marine ecosystems as well as on air-sea exchanges. Detecting and predicting the occurrence, intensity and duration of these extreme events, and understanding their impacts on marine ecosystems is a key step towards developing science-based solutions for sustainable development. The project "deteCtion and threAts of maRinE Heat waves -- CAREHeat", funded by ESA, aims at improving the current MHW detection and characterization methodology, as well as advancing the understanding of the physical processes involved, and the corresponding ecological and biogeochemical changes. This is to be achieved following a multidisciplinary approach capitalizing on the large potential offered by satellite Earth observations, complemented with in situ field measurements, physical and biogeochemical ocean reanalyses, biogeochemical modelling and emerging machine learning technologies. In this communication an overview of the CAREHeat project activities and its preliminary results will be provided.